A Cross-Sectional Study on the Prevalence and Financial Loss Attributed to Hydatidosis in Cattle Slaughtered at Bahir Dar Municipal Abattior, Bahir Dar, Ethiopi
Hydatidosis is a public health hazard in Ethiopia. The status of the disease in the
study districts has not been elucidated. Hence, the current cross-sectional study
was designed and conducted from December 2017 to April 2018 in an attempt to
determine the prevalence and financial losses associated with bovine hydatidosis
on cattle slaughtered at Bahir dar Municipal Abattoir and identify potential risk
factors were identified.
Applying simple randomly sampling method, both adult and old male cattle
animals were selected prior to slaughter. Antemortem and postmortem
examination methods were made during the study. During antemortem
examination, relevant data including sex, origin of animals (districts), body
condition, age and clinical signs were collected. Similarly, postmortem
inspection was conducted to examine the existence of hydatid cysts in the organs
under study (liver and lungs) for each animal following the standard meat
Of 384 heads of cattle slaughtered and examined, 127 were found positive for
Echinococcos granulosus with an overall prevalence of 33.05%, computed by
standard statistical methods. No statistically significant association detected
between selected risk factors(P> 0.05) and the disease. The prevalence of hydatid
cysts by organs included: 46 (11.97%), 45 (11.71%), and 36 (9.375%) for lungs,
livers, and both lung and liver, respectively. The annual financial loss due to
organ condemnation and live carcass weight loss associated to bovine hydatidosis
at the study abattoir was estimated to be 10,531,776.12 ETB/385,496.93USD.
The current study has revealed a higher prevalence of bovine hydatidosis in the
study districts urging prompted and collaborative actions to be set in place.