- by Admin
- 2023-07-20 04:55:39 June
Evaluation of underutilized cultivated Anchote (Coccinia abyssinica (Lam.) Cogn.) accessions in West Shewa Zone, Oromia Regional State, Central Ethiopia
Zinash Teferi Abdena1* and Mosisa Chewaka Aga1
1 Ambo University, College of Agriculture and Veterinary Sciences, Ambo, Ethiopia
* Corresponding author Email: Zinashteferiabdena2022@gmail.com
Anchote (Coccinia abyssinica) is an endemic root and tuber crop species of Ethiopia, which belongs to the Cucurbitaceae family. The aim of this study was to assess C. abyssinica accessions to identify better physical adaptability potential and high-yielding in the West Shewa zone, central highland of Ethiopia. Sixteen (16) promising Anchote accessions were planted in a 2m x 2m plot area by using a randomized complete block design, with three replications for three consecutive main rain-fed cropping seasons from 2018-2020 years. In the present study, the statistically analyzed outputs of the measured agronomic parameters of individual accession mean values were varied in the range of seedlings emergency percentage (77-96.13%), vine number per plant (2.34-3.54), vine length per plant (1.99-6.35m), vine internodes length (7.70-11.57cm), number of leaves per plant (116.66-129), Leaf area per plant (92.27-162.8 cm2); storage root diameter (62.35–136.26 cm), storage root dry matter content (5.55-25.14%), total storage root weight per plant (0.41-1.15kg), total storage root yield per hectare (52.25-143.79 tonne/ha), marketable storage root yield per hectare (50.63-143.7 tonne/ha) and unmarketable storage root yields per hectare (0.05–1.62 tonne/ha) were recorded. From this study, six (6) accessions: 223090, 223113, 223086, 223100, 223105, and 223104 were identified as those that produced the highest storage root yield (> 101 tonne/ha), highest marketable storage root yield (> 101 tonne/ha), and highest dry matter content (> 21 %) which indicating a good performance and adaptation in west Shewa central highland of Ethiopia. Therefore, these accessions are suggested to produce and scale up by farmers in the central highland of a country, and other areas of similar agroecological zones.
Keywords: Accessions, Anchote, Coccinia abyssinica, root crops, underutilized crop