- by Admin
- 2022-12-31 10:27:25 December
Engineering and/or Technology
Prevalence, associated factor and economic importance of major Metacystode in slaughtered cattle at Jimma Municipal Abattoir, Southwestern Oromia, Ethiopia
A cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the prevalence and associated factor of major metacestode in slaughtered cattle and its economic importance at Jimma municipal abattoir from October 2019 to June 2020. Out of 384 bovine examined at Jimma municipal abattoir 197 (51.3%) at 95% CI of: 46.29-56.29) cattle were found positive for Metacestode, of which 191 (49.74%, 95% CI: 44.74-54.75) and 9 (2.34%, 95%CI: 1.22-4.45) were positive for Hydatid cyst and Cysticercous bovis, respectively. The highest prevalence of metacestode were found in Asendabo (66.67%) followed by Bilida (58.44%) and Agaro (57.89%) and lowest in Sarbo (43.94%) and Kefa (40%). The highest prevalence of hydatid cysts was observed in lung (58.64%), and liver (23.04%). While the highest prevalence of cysticercus bovis was detected in heart (33.33%). Furthermore, out of 190 hydatid cyst identified, the proportion of small, medium, large and mixed cyst were 13.16%, 7.89%, 4.21% and 74.74%, respectively. The prevalence of metacestode infection showed a significant difference (p < 0.05) between sex, age, and body conditions of the animals. A total of 528,155.32 ETB annual financial losses were calculated during the study period. In conclusion, the present study has revealed the presence of metacestode which have significant impact on the health and production of the cattle in the study area. Therefore, Control of the parasite directed both in the intermediate and definitive host should be carried out.