- by Admin
- 2023-07-20 05:11:47 June
Roles of Botanical Gardens for Conservation and Requirements for their Establishment: Review
Plant Research Directorate, Gullele Botanical Garden, P.O. Box: 153/1029, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Corresponding author email: email@example.com
Botanical gardens are extremely important institutions that safeguard the environment from everincreasing environmental concerns, educate people about environmental issues, provision of recreational opportunities, conducting of various research and conservations. Their mission is to keep documented collections of living plants for scientific research, conservation, display, and education, but this may vary depending on the resources available and the special interests pursued at each garden. Botanists and gardeners are typically on the staff. Currently, about 3,765 botanical gardens conserve approximately 30% of the species. A wide and distinctive collection of living plants serves as a foundation for research and modern taxonomic studies in morphology, ecology, genetics, systematics, and evolution in the twenty-first-century botanical garden. Furthermore, botanical gardens provide germplasm for the hybridization of species, which allows for the improvement of economically important varieties of flowers, fruits, and vegetable plants. Prior to the establishment of the botanical garden, important components such as site selection, feasibility
study, defined objectives, vision and mission, detailed design, construction specifications, theme stablishment, weeds and pest control links, professional experts, and mode of operation must be considered. This review determines a brief description of the botanical garden, the conditions for establishment, and its role in plant and habitat protection.
Keywords: Botanical Garden, Conservation, Ecology, Germplasm, Plants